Nouns, pronouns, and word order

Nouns, articles, and pronouns

Personal pronouns:

من

I

ئێمە

we

تۆ

you

ئێوە

you all

ئەو

he/she/it

ئەوان

they

Articles, possessive pronouns and the present form of the verb ‘to be/exist’ are attached to nouns and adjectives.

Articles:

-ێك

‘a/an’ [1]

-ەكە

‘the’

دار

‘tree’

سەیارە

‘car’

دارێك

‘a tree’

سەیارەیەك

‘a car’

دارەكە

‘the tree’

سەیارەكە

‘the car’

دارەكان

‘the trees’

سەیارەكان

‘the cars’

Possessive pronouns:

‘my’

-مان

‘our’

‘your’

-تان

‘your (plural)’

‘his/her/its’

-یان

‘their'

Present form of the verb ‘to be’:

‘I am'

-ین

‘we are’

-یت

‘you are’

‘you all are’

‘he/she/it is’

‘they are’

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Exercise: Try to figure out the meaning of the words and sentences below. Then look under the سۆرانی كوردی tab for this page, to check your answers with the translations given. Some have more than one possible correct answer.

گولەكانمان

تۆ باشیت؟

مامی

ئەمە چییە؟

دایكم

مێزەكەیە

ئەمە پوورتانە

زۆپاكەیان

ئێمە ژنین

باوكت چۆنە؟

ئەمە كتێبەكەمە

Sentence structure

Word order in Sorani sentences is:

Subject - Object – Verb

For example:

ئەبینێت

دارێك

كورەكە

sees

a tree

The boy

verb

object

subject


[1] -یەك is used for words ending in vowels

[2] ئە - is more commonly used for formal writing, particularly outside of Slemani

[3] in Slemani, the final ت is often not pronounced

[4] in Slemani, the final ت is often not pronounced